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Written questions by Members of the European Parliament and their answers given by a European Union institution.

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Les profs teaser prof de sport betting Research Interests: Muslim societies in a range of historical and contemporary contexts. The Hellcats won the title. Contact: geraldk yorku. Subject: Patient information leaflets PILs on dialysis products. Moreover, in order to further support the sustainable development of tourism destinations, the Commission intends to propose, at the beginning ofa system of indicators for the sustainable management of tourism destinations. John Edgar oes P wearing the best costumes.
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Research Interests: Marxist theory, Marxian epistemology, poststructuralist theory, political economy. Contact: ralbritt yorku. Research Interests: Symbolic and medical anthropology, psychoanalysis, mental illness, narrative theory, theories of identity, trauma, memory and dissociation, cultural aspects of addiction. Contact: pantze yorku. Research Interests: British and German Romantic poetry and prose, contemporary theory and criticism, the sublime, popular culture, Walter Benjamin, 18th- century poetry and philosophy.

Contact: ibalfour yorku. Research Interests: Marxist sociology, cultural Studies, Third World sociology, women and development, colonial and post-colonial social and political formations, feminist theory and its relations to race and class, immigrant women in Canada, culture and politics.

Contact: himanib yorku. Research Interests: Epistemology and ethics, feminist philosophy and politics of knowledge, twentieth century French philosophy Foucault, Beauvoir, Le Doeuff , ecological theory, post-colonial theory. Contact: codelb yorku.

Research Interests: Critical theory Horkheimer, Adorno, Marcuse, Benjamin, Habermas , the ethical and the political Levinas, Derrida, Dussel , psychoanalytic theory, ecological and political thought, history of political thought. Contact: horowitz yorku. Research Interests: Phenomenolgy, aesthetics, post-modern theories of subjectivity and art, philosophical foundations of art therapies, traume theory, art and social change. Research Interests: Globalization and global justice movements; concepts of freedom and democracy in political thought; radical theories of language and culture; Marxism, feminism and anti-racism; radical political economy.

Contact: dmcnally yorku. Research Interests: Vico, Marx, the political thought of Antonio Gramsci, modernity and political theory. Contact: morera yorku. Research Interests: Postcolonial literatures, South Asian literatures, Dalit literature, feminist and anti-racist pedagogy. Contact: amukherj yorku. Research Interests: Comparative political economy, state theory, theories of globalization and imperialism, US empire, socialism and democracy, working class politics, corporatism, Canadian politics, British politics.

Contact: lpanitch yorku. Research Interests: Ontology and hermeneutics, the relationship between philosophy and religion Plato, Aristotle, St. Contact: bpolka rogers. Brian Singer Ph. Research Interests: Critical theory, political sociology, revolutions and the formation of the modern nation state, nationalism and democratic theory, contemporary French political and social Thought.

Contact: bsinger yorku. Research Interests: Postcolonial thought, religion and politics, Latin America and the Caribbean, Caribbean literature and popular culture. Contact: taylorp yorku. Please note: Adjunct members may join a supervisory committee as a member, but are not permitted to hold the supervisor position on SPTH committees. Research Interests: theory and history of law and capitalism, uneven and combined development, liberal democratic state law and authority, politico-legal subjectivity, continental philosophy Kant, Marx, Agamben , anticolonialist methodology and analysis Fanon , idealist vs.

Contact: susan. Jerome's University in the University of Waterloo ext Website: uwaterloo. Critical theory the Frankfurt School, Marx , aesthetics, aesthetics of music, ethics Levinas , decolonial thought and world-system analysis Dussel, Quijano, Wallerstein. Zahir Kolia, Ph. M5B 2K3 Tel: ext Email: zkolia ryerson. York , Associate Professor Arts Research Interests: Sport and social inequality, colonialism, decolonization and the psyche.

Toronto: Canadian Scholars Press, Grad Courses taught: Frantz Fanon Contact: gamal yorku. Series, Rethinking Globalizations, Routledge. Paperback New York and London: Routledge. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, , pages. Jody Berland Ph. Durham: Duke University Press, Journal article. Global South in press Fall Select Publications: In Praise of Copying. Harvard University Press, Research Interests: Psychoanalysis: Theory, clinical practice, and history of; Controversies in curriculum theory; critical theory and literary studies; psychology of teaching and learning Select Publications: Britzman, D.

Britzman, D. NY: Peter Lang Press. Select Publications: ed. Sylvia Chrostowska Research: Dr. XXI, n. Remembering, Forgetting, Learning. Natasha Levinson, Ed. Philosophy of Education Yearbook , Forthcoming. The Cruel Optimism of Education.

Un pensador de los restos. Interrupting Commemoration. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education , 32 5 , Cultural Politics , 5 2 , Le prophete Mohammad entre le mot et l'image. Jay Goulding Ph. Select Publications: Goulding, J. Goulding, J. Laval Associate Professor Sociology Research Interests: Public space and new media in North Africa, Diaspora, identity, film studies, Memory, history and process of reconciliation, culture and representation, the Mediterranean.

Select Publications: M. Peressini and R. Hadj-Moussa Eds. Touaif, S. Boutkhil dir. Berry, L. Spigel and K. Soyoung Eds. Shami dir. Vittinghof and S. Kramer dir. Essed, D. Grossberg, A. Kobayashi Eds. Recompositions des espaces et mutations du politique, P. Boudreault Ed. Vancouver, BC. Presented as part of a panel Devolving Educational Responsibility: Leadership, community-referenced pedagogy and social justice.

Montreal, Quebec. Winnipeg, Manitoba. Select Publications: Haque, E. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Haque, E. Contact: jacobs yorku. Carl James PhD York , Professor Research Interests: A former youth leader and community worker, he has extensive experience with critical ethnography, phenomenology, action research and government and institutional policy analysis. Boulder: Paradigm Publishers, second edition in progress. Kempadoo Kamala. New York; Routledge, Kempadoo, Kamala ed.

Boulder, Colo: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers. Kempadoo, Kamala and Jo Doezema, eds. New York: Routledge. My article was submitted in the winter of and accepted in early La Trobe , Associate Professor Sociology Research Interests: Classical and contemporary theory; cultural studies; political sociology; political economy.

Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, pages. Houston and A. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, forthcoming. John McCullough and Tom Taylor. Toronto, ON: Pleasure Dome. Darrell Varga. Susan Lord and Janine Marchessault. Radhika Mongia Ph. Proposal to be submitted to the University of British Columbia Press two chapters drafted.

Long and Fred Waage eds. Carmela Murdocca Ph. Select Publications: Murdocca, C. Murdocca, C. Vancouver: Fernwood Publishing, , Toronto: Sumach Press, , Mimeograph; English. Oikwa, Mona Mona Oikwa B. Toronto: Women's Press, Out Rage. All Names Spoken. Toronto: Sister Vision Press, In revision. Riewe and J. Oakes, Razack, , Toronto: Between the Lines, Ghosts, memory, and ethnic identity in contemporary American literature and culture; Twentieth-century public intellectuals in America; Culture and politics of the Cold War; Anarchism and political violence Contact: aredding yorku.

McMurty Cambridge Scholars Publishing Delhi: Oxford University Press Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing Sharpe, Christina Christina Sharpe Ph. The Capilano Review. Durham, N. Nicola Short Associate Professor Political Science Research Interests: political economy of inequity and difference in world affairs from the perspective of Gramscian political theory. Select Publications: Shteir and B.

Joan Steigerwald. Teo, Thomas Thomas Teo Mag. Vienna , Professor of Psychology Research interests: Critical psychology, subjectivity and subjectivization, modernization of the mind, psychological knowledge and power, psychologization of society, consciousness and society, ideology, radical psychology, violence, postcolonial and indigenous psychology.

Select publications: Walsh, R. A critical history and philosophy of psychology: Diversity of context, thought, and practice. Teo, T. Encyclopedia of critical psychology. New York: Springer Teo, T. The critique of psychology: From Kant to postcolonial theory.

New York: Springer. Backlash against American psychology: An indigenous reconstruction of the history of German critical psychology. History of Psychology, 16 1 , Reconstructing the critique of ideology: A critical-hermeneutic and psychological outline. Annual Review of Critical Psychology, 9, Radical philosophical critique and critical thinking in psychology.

Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, 31 3 , Empirical race psychology and the hermeneutics of epistemological violence. Human Studies, 34, What is epistemological violence in the empirical social sciences? Ontology and scientific explanation: Pluralism as an a priori condition of psychology.

New Ideas in Psychology, 28, Twin research, revisionism, and metahistory. History of the Human Sciences, 22, Psychology without Caucasians. Canadian Psychology, 50 2 , Mark Thomas Ph. York , Assistant Professor Arts Research Interests: Political economies of work and time in a global context, migrant labour, citizenship and labour rights, globalization and labour standards.

Toronto: Garamond Press. Expected Publication, Teeple and S. McBride eds. Toronto: Broadview. Braedley and M. Luxton eds. Perrucci, K. Ferraro, J. Miller, and G. Muschert eds. Agenda for Social Justice: Solutions Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, Thomas, Mark, and Steve Tufts eds. Visano, Livy Livy Visano Ph.

Toronto Professor Sociology, Social Sciences Research Interests: Law, culture and inequity with a focus on critical criminology, critical legal studies, cultural studies, youth, ethnographies and prostitution. Toronto pp. July, 48 4. York , Associate Professor and Canada Research Chair Tier 2 Political Science Research Interests: Precarious employment, social assistance policy in comparative perspective, feminist political economy.

Select Publications: Vosko, Leah F. Trebilcock eds. New York: Ashgate. Stanford, Jim and Leah F. Select Publications: Wahab, A. Wahab, A. London and New York: Routledge, Contact: lweir yorku. Yon, Daniel Daniel Yon B. Select Publications: Yon, D. Educational Ethnography: key themes and highlights. Annual Review of Antrhopology. Yon, D.

Elusive culture. Urban Portraits of Youth: On the problem of knowing culture and identity in intercultural studies. Journal of Intercultural Studies. Pat Armstrong B. Zulfikar Hirji Research Interests: Muslim societies in a range of historical and contemporary contexts.

Keywords: Muslim societies; production and performance of identity; roles of art, artists and cultural workers in making social change; socio-legal formation of communal identity; family networks and inter-generational migration; South Asian Diaspora Contact: zhirji yorku. Meg Luxton Ph. Selected papers presented at the conference held at York University October Russia: The Challenge of Change. Organized Crime and the Challenge to Democracy.

Foreign Policy Realignment in the Age of Terror. Washington: APA Books, , pp. McGill , Professor Public Policy and Adminstration, FLAPS Research Interests: Socio-economic analysis of financial contagion manias and panics , evolution of economic institutions and implications for public policy, globalization of capital and financial regulation in the New Economy, macroeconomic financial crises, microfinance. Chen, J. Tien, and B. Spotton Visano, in N. Nguyen et al. Excerpted and Translated William A.

Darity Jr. Select Publications: "Grappling with Academic Capitalism in Canadian Universities: With the academic culture changing and managerialism threatening collegiality, can academics defect from 'corporatization' by defining their knowledge as a public good? Problems of the Scholarly Information Economy. Frankfurt,Germany, October New York: Peter Lang. Lambek ed. Radstone and K. Hodgkin, eds. New York: Routledge, Himani Bannerji MA, Ph. Toronto , Professor Arts Research Interests: Marxist sociology, cultural Studies, Third World sociology, women and development, colonial and post-colonial social and political formations, feminist theory and its relations to race and class, immigrant women in Canada, culture and politics.

If the trials are successful, this vaccine could offer EU citizens an alternative to antihistamine or steroid treatment. If so, how is it working to reduce CO 2 emissions in EU cities? Is it investigating what trees should not be planted in future in those cities, given the rise of hay fever in the Member States? The Commission is aware of the two studies mentioned by the Honourable Member and follows scientific advances in this area.

Areas addressed comprise basic studies, prevention, diagnosis, and therapeutic approaches including vaccines. Il piano di impegno quinquennale UE-Pakistan del marzo afferma che l'Unione europea e il Pakistan sono d'accordo per costruire e ampliare la cooperazione odierna sul dialogo sui diritti umani e la ratifica e l'efficace applicazione delle convenzioni internazionali in questo campo.

Alla luce di questo episodio di persecuzione religiosa e tenendo conto del piano di impegno quinquennale. Il Pakistan ha ratificato tutte le principali convenzioni in materia di diritti umani. Nel settembre , in seguito a pressioni esercitate, fra l'altro, dall'Unione europea, il paese ha eliminato la maggior parte delle riserve formulate nel giugno al momento di ratificare il Patto internazionale relativo ai diritti civili e politici ICCPR e la Convenzione delle Nazioni Unite contro la tortura CAT , che impongono al paese obblighi giuridicamente vincolanti.

A group of Pakistani Hindus from Sindh province who recently arrived in India on pilgrimage visas have refused to return to Pakistan for fear of religious persecution. The arrival of this group of Hindus in India is not an isolated incident. The administration of the Indian state of Rajasthan is used to receiving Hindus from Pakistan, and recently announced that Indian citizenship would be granted to those who have already spent seven years in India.

This latest group of Hindus felt insecure in Pakistan and faced discrimination, which some say has increased along with Islamic extremism in the area. An example of the discrimination faced by them is the denial of a place of burial for a recently deceased Hindu father. In light of this incident of religious persecution, and having regard to the 5-year Engagement Plan:. Can it comment on any progress towards the ratification and effective implementation of the related international conventions?

The EU follows closely the situation of religious minorities in Pakistan. We are well aware of the vulnerable situation of Hindus and persons belonging to other religious minorities in Pakistan, such as Shias, Ahmadis, Christians and others. Pakistan has ratified all major human rights conventions. These create binding legal obligations for Pakistan.

A focus in forthcoming EU-Pakistan political dialogues will be on the importance of effectively implementing the international conventions. Tourism is one of the mainstays of economic and social life, and Romania is endowed with an especially varied, diversified and concentrated tourism potential characterised by:. The integration of Romanian tourism into the European tourism circuit forms part of the broader process of the overall integration of Romania into a European framework.

In order to support and promote initiatives on sustainable tourism development and cultural tourism, the Commission launches annually calls for proposals for cross-border cooperation projects. Moreover, in order to further support the sustainable development of tourism destinations, the Commission intends to propose, at the beginning of , a system of indicators for the sustainable management of tourism destinations.

This system will be made available to all European destinations. Moreover, Romanian organisations and companies have applied for EU's co-financing in various calls for proposals. Betrifft: Harmonisierung von Tierhaltungsstandards in den Mitgliedstaaten. Vorschriften zum Tierschutz und zur Tierhaltung sind, abgesehen von Regelungen zur Nutztierhaltung, in den Mitgliedstaaten der EU nicht harmonisiert.

Dies ist insbesondere in Grenzregionen kritisch. Wie und wann gedenkt die Kommission einen Vorschlag zur Harmonisierung der Standards beim Tierschutz in Bezug auf Tiere vorzulegen, die nicht landwirtschaftlich genutzt werden?

Except in the case of livestock farming, the rules on animal protection and animal husbandry have not been harmonised in EU Member States. This is a critical flaw, especially in border regions, because persons or holdings banned from keeping animals by the national authorities of one Member State can avoid the ban simply by moving to a neighbouring Member State. How and when does the Commission intend to present a proposal to harmonise standards of animal welfare in relation to animals that are not used in farming?

Wenn ja: in welcher Form? Wenn nein: warum nicht? Will the Commission proposal for a revision of the Tobacco Products Directive take up the abovementioned demand made by the European Parliament? If so, in what form? If not, why not? If manufacturer responsibility does not form part of the new proposal expected in November, will it be introduced in another context e. EFSA concluded that all three methods involve a prolonged period of consciousness of several minutes during which indications of poor welfare practices are apparent.

This assessment will also take into account the practical feasibility of the EFSA opinions in terms of availability of alternative killing methods, workers safety, food safety and quality, particular difficulties for SMEs. Oggetto: Isola di Lipari: nubifragio del settembre Il Programma di sviluppo rurale per la Sicilia, cofinanziato dal Fondo europeo agricolo per lo sviluppo rurale, prevede uno stanziamento di 10 milioni di EUR per ripristinare il potenziale di produzione agricola danneggiato da catastrofi naturali.

Given that this natural disaster has severely affected both public and private infrastructure and has crippled productive sectors, particularly the farming sector, tourism and small and medium-sized enterprises, can the Commission answer the following questions:. Is the Commission aware of the significant landslides that Italy often suffers due to the seasonal waves of bad weather? However, the Italian authorities have not provided to the Commission any detailed information nor requested assistance regarding the event on the island of Lipari.

In line with the shared management principle used for the administration of cohesion policy, project selection and implementation is the responsibility of the national authorities. The Commission therefore suggests that the Honourable Member contact directly the managing authorities of the two programmes:. The three people who had applied the legislation in effect in Romania when passing the judgment on the return in have been sentenced in first instance to imprisonment.

The case of the renationalisation of the college is not primarily an issue affecting the rights of a national minority and therefore is not a matter of national competence. The decision calls into question the faith placed in Romania in the legislation and court decisions and may create a precedent for the renationalisation of church property. This aspect of the decision contravenes the pledges made by Romania prior to its accession in and its commitments made under the Copenhagen Criteria and the chapter on justice as well as during the accession negotiations.

The Commission should therefore examine this matter from the standpoint of overall legal certainty. What further action does the Commission plan to take in order to make Romania accountable for its commitments made prior to accession? The EU and the Commission do not have powers with regard to the restitution of property which, in principle, falls under national competence. This Article implies that Member States are free to determine the scope of property restitution and the choice of the conditions and institutional modalities under which they agree to restore the property rights of former owners.

The Commission regularly verifies progress against four benchmarks set for this purpose and has published reports twice a year since The report includes a number of urgent recommendations, which have already been the subject of commitments made by Prime Minister Ponta.

The Commission will issue a further report under the cooperation and verification mechanism before the end of the year to assess whether its concerns have been addressed and democratic checks and balances have been restored. En dicho informe el Sr. The need to move towards an integrated budgetary framework complete with effective mechanisms to correct unsustainable fiscal policies in each Member State was one of the points made in this vision for the future.

Upper limits on the annual budget balance and on the government debt levels could be agreed. The report also proposed creating a fiscal body at euro area level and pointed to the need for coordination in fiscal matters. However, it should be pointed out that there are already subnational bodies within the European Union which have powers over fiscal and budgetary policy. Has the President of the European Council given thought to the existence within the Union of subnational bodies with fiscal and budgetary policy powers, for instance the Basque Autonomous Community and the Autonomous Community of Navarra, and how these bodies could be connected to the system envisaged?

Has the President of the European Council considered whether it would be possible to set up mechanisms to allow the legislative bodies of subnational bodies endowed with authority and powers over fiscal and budgetary policy — e. The President of the European Council does not intervene in the internal distribution of competences within the Member States of the European Union.

September ihren Bericht vorgelegt. A study commissioned by the Commission comes to the conclusion that one in five EU citizens cannot read and write sufficiently to cope in their daily lives. Experts are proposing a series of measures, including special assistance for children with foreign roots.

Many immigrants come from countries in which the education system is not very well developed. Was the country of origin taken into account in this study? If so, what are the study's conclusions in respect of this specific population group? If not, why not, given that the experts' proposal — that special assistance should be given to children with foreign roots — suggests that this population group is particularly affected by this problem?

Page 48 of the report refers to the issue of migrant literacy. While stating that migrant students have on average lower reading levels in PISA than native students in all countries but Hungary, it highlights the large diversity of background and educational level of migrants, in particular migrant adults. Ensure that all newly-arrived migrants, both adults and children, have access to language and literacy screening.

Provide individualised support to migrant learners on the basis of this screening. Flexible arrangements are required for newly arrived migrants, particularly with regard to language learning. In this respect, there is a need not only for rapid and targeted intervention shortly after arrival in the host country, but also for sustained programmes of language support.

Treat bilingualism as an asset for further language development, encouraging language maintenance and pride for all linguistic minorities. The Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations is continuing in the World Trade Organisation WTO with active discussions taking place on several areas of the Doha mandate. In this spirit, discussions have been undertaken since the beginning of through a bottom-up process in all areas where progress could be made.

At this stage, active work is being undertaken on Trade Facilitation, the review of the Dispute Settlement Understanding and on Special and Differential Treatment-related issues. The Commission expects that further work on all areas of the Doha mandate will continue over the coming years. Since the mandatory breathalysers in France only comply with the rules if they meet French standards, are there no grounds for believing that this rule may be in breach of European legislation?

The Commission draws the attention of the Honourable Member to the fact that, in the absence of Union legislation on the carriage of safety equipment on board motor vehicles, Member States are free to adopt national legislation, provided that the provisions of the Treaty, including the principles of non-discrimination and proportionality, are respected. In order to determine whether this obligation is compatible with the Treaty, the Commission has contacted the French authorities to obtain further details.

As regards the concerns of the Honourable Member in relation to the technical standards applicable to breathalysers, the Commission is currently examining the compatibility of the measures with the principle of free movement of goods. The EU missions in Jerusalem and Ramallah have continued their active monitoring of developments in the Silwan neighbourhood in East Jerusalem, where an increasing number of Palestinians are at risk of displacement.

The issue is also discussed in meetings among EU Member States, and concerns are raised bilaterally with Israeli authorities. The EU Representative Office has coordinated EU presence in Silwan in connection to demolitions of structures and to major events organised by residents of neighbourhood. It provides information, legal assistance and counselling to displaced persons, or persons at risk of displacement.

The persistence of such a legal system could help strengthen some negative trends that have already been seen in recent years in the seed market, such as increasing the concentration of patents in the hands of just a few large companies, resulting in decreased competition and a loss of biodiversity. The Commission is aware that some traditional varieties do not fulfil the examination criteria for variety registration.

Therefore, the Commission adopted in less stringent requirements for the marketing of the so-called conservation and amateur varieties. The review acknowledges the room for improving the legislation as regards these varieties. Betreft: Eenzijdige korting zuivelleveranciers, schending EU-Verdrag. Gaat de Commissie onderzoek doen naar het afgestemd onder druk zetten van zuivelleveranciers, specifiek in dit geval?

Hoe beziet de Commissie het feit dat melkveehouders en zuivelleveranciers door supermarktketens worden gedwongen om voor of zelfs onder de productieprijs te leveren? Gaat de Commissie actief onderzoeken of deze artikelen inderdaad worden geschonden? Voorts hebben klachten tegen praktijken van retaildistributeurs tegenover hun leveranciers geleid tot monitoringinitiatieven van een aantal nationale mededingingsautoriteiten.

Om de positie van boeren bij onderhandelingen met zuivelfabrikanten te versterken, geeft Verordening EU nr. Voorts volgen de nationale mededingingsautoriteiten de marktsituatie voor de levering van zuivelproducent door boeren van nabij. Does the Commission intend to investigate the coordinated pressurising of dairy suppliers, with particular reference to this case?

Is the Commission aware that the Albert Heijn supermarket chain is also planning cross-border activities? To what extent do these cross-border activities in combination with the unilaterally imposed price cuts reinforce the distortion of the internal market? How does the Commission view the fact that supermarket chains are forcing dairy farmers and producers to supply their products at or even below the cost of production?

Will the Commission actively investigate whether these articles have indeed been contravened? In addition, the NCAs are following the situation on the market for the supply of dairy products by farmers. Given the rules on the division of competences between the Commission and the NCAs, the latter in this case, the Dutch competition authority may often be better placed than the Commission to investigate and where appropriate sanction potential anti-competitive practices.

As shown in the ECN Report, several investigations in the sector concerned buyer cartels for purchases of raw milk, e. The Spanish NCA is currently investigating possible anti-competitive practices by the dairy industry such as imposing negative commercial conditions in the market for the supply of raw cow's milk.

Jedoch verpflichtet die neue Verordnung EU Nr. Millions of consumers in Europe wish to follow a vegetarian or vegan diet and to eliminate animal ingredients or products in their food in any shape or form. Other people avoid certain types of animal for religious reasons or only wish to support certain forms of animal husbandry through the products they buy. Their freedom of choice is, however, severely restricted: there are many cases in which current legislation allows food to contain animal products or ingredients without any labelling.

What action will it take to allow European citizens the freedom of choice to follow a vegetarian or vegan diet? In particular, the name of the food and the list of ingredients, together with other mandatory indications allow them to know the nature and the characteristics of foods.

The regulation does not specify however, by when such a measure should be adopted. The abovementioned legislation imposes also obligations on the Commission for which firm deadlines had been specified. The Commission will tackle these actions as a priority. Therefore, the concern raised by the Honourable Member as well as the implementing acts related to it, will be tackled by the Commission subsequently. Greece is a country with hundreds of inhabited islands whose residents need to be provided with sufficient water supplies.

In many cases, water is transported from mainland Greece by tanker: this is what occurs in the case of Spetses. Member States have the obligation to report to the Commission all individual supplies of water exceeding c. The responsibility for compliance with the drinking water standards as well as water supply and allocation falls to the Member States. The Commission is currently processing the data received from the Member States in relation to the Drinking Water Directive under the last reporting exercise and may find information on the drinking water quality situation on the island of Spetses by the end of its assessment.

The Commission and the European Parliament have expressed the view that an immediate and thorough review of this agreement is needed. The agreed text provides for an early warning, preparedness and crisis management mechanism, which should allow for early detection of problems linked to large-scale arrivals of asylum-seekers in a Member State. Oggetto: Emergenza amianto: le rocce della massicciata ferroviaria presentano tracce del minerale con un elevato rischio di dispersione. I rilievi effettuati hanno fatto riscontrare, ad un primo esame, tracce di amianto in alcuni dei campioni esaminati.

Per tale motivo sono necessari adeguati controlli sulle rocce utilizzate e sulle pratiche necessarie per mantenerne intatta la consistenza. L'immissione sul mercato e l'uso di minerali presenti in natura e contenenti amianto, come ad esempio il serpentino, non sono vietati nell'UE in quanto le fibre non vi sono state intenzionalmente aggiunte.

Spetta agli Stati membri fare rispettare tali misure al fine di assicurare l'uso e la gestione sicuri dei materiali contenenti fibre di amianto. A number of citizens, concerned about the colour of certain rock veins and dust emitted from rocks which had accumulated during the course of maintenance work along a section of railway line, decided to submit a complaint to the authorities to report the danger posed by the presence of asbestos in the rocks in question.

The initial tests carried out showed traces of asbestos in some of the samples tested. The technicians therefore took samples from a pile of hundreds of cubic metres of railway gravel suspected of containing hazardous asbestos and took the necessary safety precautions to protect the public.

Pending confirmation of the presence of this mineral, which will take place in the next few days at a specialist asbestos research laboratory, the rocks have been appropriately encapsulated in order to prevent any release of asbestos fibres into the air. The railway track ballast, consisting of crushed stone, derives from the crushing of so-called serpentinite rocks, which are found in the Alps and Apennines; these serpentinite rocks contain thin veins of two types of fibres — chrysotile and tremolite — which, when released into the air, can be highly toxic.

That is why appropriate checks are needed on the rocks used and the practices necessary to keep them intact. In Italy, many railway tracks could be affected and several emergency situations have led to reports being issued on the hazards of the material used for this specific purpose. The higher the dispersal of fibres resulting from the disintegration and deterioration of the asbestos-containing material, the higher the hazard level.

The risks of asbestos exposure are all too often either emphasised or downplayed, but rarely analysed to their full extent, and the so-called serpentinite rocks containing asbestos fibres are naturally present in many parts of the Western Alps. In particular, large amounts of asbestos fibres are contained in the serpentinite rocks of quarries and in the crushed stone of railway ballast, as well as in the ground after natural landslides.

Given the above, and the fact that the risk of these fibres being dispersed into the soil and the environment increases as a result of the digging or excavation of rocks and land on construction sites or during agricultural work, can the Commission answer the following questions:. Is it aware of the danger caused by the presence of asbestos in railway ballast and will it finance the relevant projects and scientific studies that prove the environmental, psychological and physical damage caused by the asbestos contained in serpentinite rocks?

Will it take preventive and safety measures to prevent these fibres from being dispersed into the environment? The Commission is aware of the presence of asbestos in certain minerals and that in some cases those minerals have been employed in railway ballast. The Commission invited the Petitioner to raise this problem with the Italian Authorities responsible for the enforcement of the relevant legislation and in particular with the Labour Inspections Services.

Articles which contain asbestos as an impurity fall outside the scope of the restriction under REACH. It is the responsibility of the Member States to enforce these measures in order to ensure the safe use and management of materials containing asbestos fibres. Seed propagation companies received subsidies up till This was to encourage the use of certified seed through the rural development programme. The subsidy was intended to lower the end cost to the farmer of the seed and also to encourage the use of certified see and thus boost product quality.

This system changed at the start of Subsidies are now granted irrespective of the quality of the seed produced. Does the Commission not think that decoupling the system from production might prove detrimental to the quality of rice seed produced?

Does the Commission not think that it would be better to grant subsidies to those who genuinely produce seed that is certified and sold? The reform of the common agricultural policy CAP has introduced the single payment scheme SPS with the aim to foster market orientation of the agricultural sector.

As the SPS payments are decoupled from agricultural production, farmers, including seed producers, are free to produce whatever is more profitable while still having a stable income. In Member States where full decoupling of coupled payments for seed took place in , farmers in seed sectors were given time to adjust to the new support arrangements given the fact that this was agreed under the so-called Health-check in In the context of the CAP reform, the general orientation remains towards decoupling.

Moreover, supporting the production of certified seed could be envisaged in the framework of voluntary coupled support. Seed is in the list of eligible sectors and Member States will have the responsibility for defining eligibility criteria. Has it considered the unintended consequences of such a proposal, with European grain prices at a very high level and with arguably a more immediate need to set aside the stocks concerned for food production?

It is therefore, in the Commission's view, not likely that the proposal will lead to increased use of first generation biofuels. The EU quickly reacted to escalating tensions between Armenia and Azerbaijan through public diplomacy and other diplomatic means. The EU has been supportive of reconciliation activities and stands ready to provide further support to initiatives aimed at the building of trust across the lines of conflict.

Has the Commission considered plans along these lines to help alleviate the growing problem of hate crimes in Greece, as identified by Human Rights Watch? The Commission strongly condemns all forms and manifestations of racism and xenophobia, including violence against migrants and asylum-seekers. The Commission is closely monitoring the transposition and implementation of this framework Decision and will deliver a report to this end in So far Greece has not notified its national implementing measures.

The Commission acknowledges that the growing demand for agricultural products, in combination with climate change and other pressures on natural resources poses a serious challenge for EU agriculture. Addressing these challenges requires intelligent and innovative solutions with regard to agriculture, rural areas and the CAP. The Commission proposals for the CAP post have been elaborated in this spirit, with a strong focus on economic, environmental and social sustainability of EU agriculture.

According to reports from the European Union Monitoring Mission EUMM , active on Georgian territory since the war between Georgia and Russia in , the Mission has had no access to the Russian side of the occupation line, despite an agreement with Moscow that this would be the case. Furthermore, it has been suggested that Russian officials have ceased all communication with the EUMM. In addition, the White Paper highlights the positive effects of investment in transport infrastructure on economic growth and job creation.

The Commission is preparing to review in the Community guidelines on funding of airports and start-up state aid to airlines flying from regional airports. According to early indications from the Commission, the review will lead to the establishment of more rigorous rules on public funding for regional airports. The new rules could lead to the closure of dozens of regional airports throughout Europe, with extremely damaging consequences for the economy, employment and regional development of the regions concerned.

Given the difficulties of expanding airport infrastructure in the Member States, how does the Commission intend to reconcile the potential closure of numerous airports with the infrastructure requirements at European level? In its review of the guidelines on state aid to airports and airlines, the Commission will take into consideration the need to ensure the accessibility of certain regions and the importance of regional airports for local development.

Within this perspective, certain regional airports can help towards overcoming the problem of a shortage of capacity at some major airports. It is also important to avoid a multiplication of unprofitable airports such as would lead to a waste of public resources. Oggetto: Perpetrarsi della pratica di mutilazione a fini estetici degli animali da compagnia. L'attuazione della convenzione europea per la protezione degli animali di compagnia compete agli Stati membri dell'UE.

Non essendovi nessuno strumento legislativo dell'UE relativo alla mutilazione a fini estetici degli animali da compagnia, la questione rimane di competenza degli Stati membri. Following numerous reports on the matter, can the Commission say why, in some Member States, including Italy, the practice of mutilating the tails and ears of pets is continuing, especially on hunting dogs?

As there is no EU legislation as such on the mutilation of animals for aesthetic purposes, the matter remains under the competence of Member States. La fondazione ha affermato che se egli fosse stato ucciso per blasfemia, il film anti-islamico che negli ultimi giorni ha scatenato le proteste a livello internazionale non sarebbe mai stato realizzato.

Le minacce e l'istigazione alla violenza sono incompatibili con i principi internazionali sui diritti umani che l'Iran ha sottoscritto liberamente. The foundation has asserted that, if he had been killed for blasphemy, the anti-Islamic film which has sparked international protests in recent days would never have been made. Because of the fatwa, the writer was forced to spend a decade in hiding.

Rushdie was accused of being an apostate whose murder was authorised under Islam. These threats are unacceptable, and represent one of the numerous examples of systematic oppression of the freedom of expression in Iran, which affects writers both within and outside its borders.

Threats and inticement to violent actions are incompatible with the international human rights principles that Iran has freely signed up to. Spending public and private on research and development in Greece are at 0. At the same time, on the basis of quality criteria of this research, the research system in Greece is largely disconnected from the domestic economy. Given that innovation can and should form the core of efforts to boost competitiveness in a sustainable and socially just manner in Greece, will the Commission say:.

Does it have any statistics on the level of research and development spending in Member States? If so, what is the percentage of public and what the percentage of private spending? How does the adjustment programme followed by Greece — which aims, inter alia , to strengthen the country's competitiveness — strengthen and promote the system of innovation and promote research as critical factors for competitiveness?

In its capacity as member of the Troika, is it drawing up proposals for an increase in public investments in dynamic and rapidly growing sectors of the economy so as to offset the loss of funds for research and technology caused by the contraction of private investment spending? Does it have any data on the amount of EU funds for research and technology which Greece has failed to take up?

What are the take-up rates of Member States in this area? Does this situation undermine the Union's competitiveness profile? Will the respective objectives of the EU strategy be realised? The Greek authorities are responsible for the allocation of the public funds in sectors that they consider important.

Product market reforms removing unnecessary restrictions to economic activities are a major contribution to innovation. In dialogue with the Commission, most of Member States have determined differentiated research intensity objectives. Such a situation totally undermines a State's human and productive capital and also weakens the position of workers in the labour market due to the fact that they can no longer keep abreast of developments in their field of professional activity as they have been unemployed for a long period of time.

Does it have any data on unemployment rates and the average time spent outside the labour market for skilled workers in Member States? What are the sectors of professional activity with the highest increases in rates of long-term unemployment among highly skilled workers? Will it promote exchanges of best practices between Member States in order to identify the most appropriate ways of promoting cooperation between academic institutions and businesses geared to the commercial and productive exploitation of innovative products on the markets?

Since , it has increased most sharply for those previously employed in financial and insurance activities, professional activities, administrative and support service activities and construction. The country specific recommendations of the European Semester did not specifically identified policies towards highly-skilled long-term unemployed. The Commission has published guidelines for universities to improve their links with industry across Europe.

I have followed closely the construction of the A1 in Poland, in particular the section of the road in the Kujawsko-Pomorskie province. This may severely delay the opening of a motorway that is of great importance for the development of Poland and the entire region. Construction works on several sections have been suspended. The contractors chosen by the tender will be obliged to complete the construction of the motorway on the section Czerniewice-Brzezia within eight months and within nine months on the section Brzezia-Kowal.

Currently, GDDKiA is also pursuing a procedure for selection of a contractor for security works to be carried out later on this year. These security works are primarily designed to protect the works done so far in order to preserve their results from degradation in the upcoming winter period.

I have been contacted by a constituent in the south-west of England who is very concerned about the treatment of stray dogs in Turkey. These animals are apparently being rounded up and moved to isolated parts of the country to fend for themselves. Animal welfare is one of the most important issues in the accession negotiations with Turkey in the area of food safety, veterinary and phytosanitary policy.

Awareness-raising among the Turkish citizens is also of paramount importance. However, at present there is no EU rule governing the welfare of stray dogs and, as a consequence, this issue remains under the sole responsibility of the Member States and candidate countries.

Given the responsibilities of national authorities for health, and particularly for the management and control of social security systems, can the Commission indicate:. The Commission is not informed of studies in other Member States equivalent to the one mentioned by the Honourable Member. Once a medicinal product has been placed on the market, its safety is monitored to ensure that appropriate action is taken, if there are adverse reactions.

The monitoring of authorised medicinal products is done through the EU's system of pharmacovigilance. The marketing authorisation holder must provide significant information that is relevant for the safe and effective use of the medicinal product through direct communication, educational material or specific training to the healthcare professional, when necessary.

The content and timeline of such communication activities are agreed with the national Competent Authorities or the European Medicines Agency. The UK Government has recently announced proposals to curb beer duty fraud, which include introducing fiscal marks for packaged beer and plans for supply chain legislation. This includes a proposal to legislate for fiscal marks on beer and plans to address alcohol supply chain problems.

Once the Commission receives such a notification, it will assess it. Furthermore, the UK has not asked the Commission to comment formally on the fiscal control aspects of such a measure. At this stage and as the Commission is not aware of all the particularities of the intended measures, it is not in a position to assess or comment.

Oggetto: Episodi di intolleranza religiosa in Indonesia in concomitanza con la fine del Ramadan. Molteplici episodi all'insegna della violenza e dell'intolleranza religiosa si sono verificati a margine delle celebrazioni per la festa musulmana di Idul Fitri in Indonesia, che segna la fine del Ramadan. Alcuni gruppi estremisti hanno interrotto una messa cattolica nel West Java, mentre nello Java centrale, un attentato dinamitardo ha invece colpito una stazione di polizia.

Considerato che gli episodi sopra esposti sono accaduti alcune settimane orsono, ha la Commissione avuto modo di prendere contatti con la delegazione UE responsabile per l'Indonesia? A number of violent attacks provoked by religious intolerance occurred in Indonesia during celebrations for the Muslim festival of Idul Fitri, which marks the end of Ramadan.

In West Java some extremist groups interrupted a Catholic mass, while in central Java, a police station was hit by a bomb attack. Traditional Islamic festivals are no longer immune from the danger of violence, contrary to how things have been in the past. The case of the Catholic parish of Saint John the Baptist in Parung, in Bogor Regency, is similar to many others in Indonesia where places of worship have been closed or torn down because they did not have building permission.

The events described above occurred several weeks ago. Have diplomatic channels been used to call for greater security for the Christian minority? The EU equally stressed the need for Indonesia to fulfil international human rights obligations and ensure the protection of religious minorities. The EU Delegation in Jakarta is also in frequent contact with representatives of non-governmental organisations NGOs dealing with freedom of religion and the rights of minorities.

The EU will carry on addressing the issue of Freedom of Religion or Belief and should enhance its visibility on the issue by adopting new EU Guidelines on such before the end of La Corte intermedia del popolo della prefettura tibetana di Ngaba Sichuan ha emesso una condanna a sette anni di carcere duro nei confronti del trentasettenne monaco Yonten Gyatso, accusato di aver diffuso la fotografia della monaca autoimmolatasi Tenzin Wagmo.

The judges also declared him guilty of circulating information abroad about political events and attempting to contact staff at human rights bodies in the UN by phone. Although the European Union is seriously concerned about the deteriorating situation in Tibet and is monitoring events very closely, it was not aware of this particular case.

Once verified, we intend that it be added to the next list of individual cases handed over to the Chinese authorities in the course of Die Wirtschaft ist stark in Mitleidenschaft gezogen, die Regierung nicht solide, die Lage insgesamt erscheint sehr instabil. Warum gibt der Staat keine Staatsanleihen, die mit Grundbesitz abgesichert sind, frei, wenn die o.

Privatisierungen sowieso anstehen? Countries at risk from sovereign default need money. Greece in particular has recently been desperately seeking foreign investors in order to avoid sovereign default. The economy has been badly affected, the government is fragile and the overall situation seems very unstable.

No wonder, then, that there is not much demand for Greek Government bonds. It has now been decided to carry out an extensive programme of privatisation, transferring railways and ports into private hands. Why does the State not issue government bonds secured by real estate, given that the privatisation programme mentioned above is pending anyway? The guarantees for these securities would be increased by this measure, which would mean both lower interest rates and greater guarantees for investors.

There is a very clear commitment to reduce the debt burden of Greece by 20 percentage points by There is among other things a reduction of interest rates under the Greek Loan Facility by basis points. A commitment by Member States to pass on to Greece's segregated account, an amount equivalent to the income on the SMP portfolio accruing to their national central bank as from budget year Drie maal heb ik de Commissie vragen gesteld over haar betrokkenheid bij dierentuinen. Als vraag 3 bevestigend wordt beantwoord, wat voor gevolgen verbindt de Commissie aan het onjuist informeren van een lid van het Europees Parlement?

On three occasions I have asked the Commission questions about its involvement with zoos. I cannot reconcile these answers. If the answer to question 3 is affirmative, what does the Commission see as the consequences of its having given a Member of the European Parliament inaccurate information? The Commission is engaged in the animal-welfare training of veterinary practitioners working in different types of facilitiesincluding in zoos.

De oprichting van een Europees leger is binnen de Raad niet aan de orde, en staat ook niet op de agenda. As far as the PVV is concerned, the Dutch armed forces should remain completely in national hands and the Netherlands should cooperate with other countries within the framework of NATO.

Does the Council agree with the PVV that the creation of a European army is completely unnecessary, given that military cooperation within NATO has proved to be very successful? Is the Council aware that the establishment of a European army would mean that billions of extra funding would be needed for a new organisation and command structure, whilst this infrastructure is on hand within NATO?

Is the Council aware that a European policy of going it alone would result in the Americans ignoring Europe in the future? Is the Council also aware that this would mean that Europe on its own will have to bear in full all the costs of infrastructure and a military command structure, whereas within the NATO framework to a large extent the Americans pay the costs? The issue of creating a European Army is not being debated within the Council, nor is it on its agenda. Measures that are already in force are not improving the milk market as was hoped: prices paid to producers are still far below the level needed for dairy farms in Spain to show a profit.

This is an untenable situation, coupled to a rise once more this year in the price of raw materials for animal foodstuffs. Market mechanisms were available for operators during the high production season, but they have either not been used at all buying-in of butter and skimmed milk powder into public stocks , or they were used within the historical range butter private storage scheme.

EU exports are performing well for most dairy products without export refunds. Emergency measures and the disturbance clause cannot be mobilised, as the dairy sector is not in a crisis situation at EU level. The Commission is currently monitoring the impact of the recent feed cost increase in the livestock sector including milk. Trade in agricultural products between Member States is free in the framework of the single market. Christine Lagarde, Director of the International Monetary Fund, recently stated that an effective carbon price is needed to tackle not only environmental crises but also economic and social problems.

Furthermore, it has been suggested that the carbon market is falling in value and affecting investor confidence. It is important not only from environmental perspective, but also as a cost-efficient and effective instrument, consistent with the internal market. The EU ETS is currently faced with exceptional circumstances related to the transition from phase 2 to phase 3, which are exacerbated by the impact of the economic crisis. In order to address the growing temporary supply-demand imbalance in the next years, the Commission has proposed to consider reducing the amount of auctions planned in the next years and to increase the amount of auctions late in phase 3, which ends in In this way fewer allowances are offered in auctions when demand remains very low and more allowances are offered late in phase 3, when demand will have in all likelihood recovered.

To this end, the Commission will present options in a separate carbon market report this autumn, as requested by the Parliament in the context of the Energy Efficiency Directive. Young people are vulnerable road users and as such prioritised in the Commission's road safety work. The Commission also works on awareness raising and education, for example by supporting initiatives such as the European Youth Forum for Road Safety, a main tool for communicating with young people on road safety.

The Youth Forum organises with the assistance of the Commission yearly conferences gathering large numbers of young people. Such peer to peer exchanges is an efficient way to increase young people's awareness on road safety.

Unfortunately, the scope for legislative action at EU level is limited. These proposals were made for the sake of road safety, primarily for young road users. Since then, the Commission has been monitoring further developments in this area among others through the annual Progress Reports, constantly encouraging Croatia to tackle the high youth unemployment. The latest assessment can be found in the recently published Comprehensive Monitoring Report on Croatia.

Youth Employment Action Plans were elaborated in eight Croatian counties, and the capacity of the Croatian Employment Service was improved to deliver services to unemployed youth at regional level. Another grant scheme will target the highly educated unemployed youth inter alia with support for self-employment and business start-up as well as provision of career guidance services, job matching and mediation.

The amount of money raised from tobacco taxation is times higher than the amount spent on tobacco control. Does the Commission have any agenda on intervening at the European level to adopt strategies towards effective tobacco control policies? The Commission is not in a position to comment on the level of funding for tobacco control measures in the United States. As regards tobacco control policies, the Commission supports and complements Member States' policies within the limits of the competences set in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

EU legislation in the area of tobacco products and tobacco advertising also plays an important role in this regard. Since the Arab Spring, however, the economic conditions in the country have worsened, with employment levels and regional inequality both increasing. Parties share the objective of finalising them by the end of this year. The action plan sets clear objectives in terms of respect for freedoms, rule of law and human rights.

The EU has also offered Tunisia aid with a view to a reform of the judiciary and of the security sector. It has also offered negotiations on a Partnership for mobility, migration and security. The EU is also ready to start negotiations on liberalisation of the air transport sector that would entail an increase in tourism towards Tunisia. It is common sense that regular physical activity plays a vital role in preserving health and preventing disease. While the Member States are well aware of this correlation, the scope of their actions in this area is often limited by the funding opportunities available under national budgets.

In light of the above, which EU funding schemes and programmes are currently available for Member States seeking financial support to set up sports infrastructure, e. What other funding opportunities for the same purposes are provided for under the Multiannual Financial Framework? The Commission has proposed a sport chapter as part of Erasmus for All, the new EU programme for education, training, youth and sport. Support will be given to transnational projects aimed at boosting the exchange of know-how and good practices, non-commercial European sport events of major importance and work to strengthen the evidence base for policy making in sport.

The main beneficiaries will be public bodies and civil society organisations active in grass-roots sport. EU cohesion policy instruments have supported projects for sport infrastructure on the grounds of their potential contribution to socioeconomic development, including the integration through sport for youth in disadvantaged areas.

Moreover, EU rural development policy has supported such projects, normally related to small-scale infrastructure, for improving the quality of life of rural populations. In particular, sport can play a role in promoting social inclusion and combating poverty, one of the proposed thematic objectives of cohesion policy, through investing in social infrastructure which contribute to reducing inequalities in terms of health status and supporting the physical and economic regeneration of deprived urban and rural communities.

Slurry was spilt at the end of August in the municipal district of Vilademuls, between the small towns of Sant Esteve de Guialbes and Les Olives. It polluted a stream along several kilometres and might have contaminated an aquifer.

The amount of slurry spilt was such that springs and wells used for drinking water might have been affected. If it did reach the aquifer this could be serious. There are grounds for thinking that the Catalan Government did not take the correct steps to deal with the slurry spill, as several weeks later slurry was still to be seen in the area, which raises questions over how effective the cleaning and inspection work was.

The Commission will investigate this incident further with the Spanish authorities. Betrifft: Finanzregulierung — Trennung von Broker und Marktmacher. Amerikanischen Finanzunternehmern wurde in den achtziger Jahren erlaubt, sowohl als Broker als auch als Marktmacher zu agieren.

In the s, US financial companies were allowed to act both as brokers and as market makers. A kind of firewall was supposed to prevent any conflict of interests. What conclusions have been drawn from the MF Global scandal by the European financial market supervisory authorities? Considering the MF Global experience, the Commission believes there is a need for strengthening the regulatory framework towards the.

Several options are being looked into, including disclosure requirements to investors, improved transparency to regulators, and minimum standards for collateral. In addition, the Commission has adopted proposals for the review of MiFID aimed at strengthening investor protection including the classification of safekeeping among services requiring authorisation, and the limitation of collateral arrangements with retail clients.

Finally, the Commission services are working on further possible initiatives towards securities legislation which could encompass important in the MF global context aspects such as transparency, ownership, account structures and rights of use. All these regulatory measures aim at improving the financial sector resilience and preventing the emergence of risks such as the misuse of investors' assets as in the MF Global case.

The directive has been delayed already; catastrophe risk and other capital calibrations are still not fully worked out despite huge industry and regulatory effort in five quantitative impact studies QIS , with hundreds of millions of pounds spent in the past few years by UK insurers and reinsurers to get ready for a deadline which is delayed and in doubt. How can it be fair that insurers who have played by the rules are penalised for this?

Solvency II is urgently needed to address the shortcomings of the current system Solvency I. At the same time, measures designed to address the issues associated with insurance products with long-term guarantees must be evaluated before adopting Omnibus II so as to avoid possible negative consequences for the real economy. A further technical assessment, which has been called for by the European Parliament and Council, means that the application date for Solvency II will be subject of discussions in the Omnibus II trilogue.

In order to minimise the delay, it is important that the trilogue parties can resolve outstanding issues in other areas not relating to long-term guarantees swiftly. Insurers who have prepared themselves will continue to be well placed to adapt to the new regime and can profit from more constructive discussions with their supervisors. Companies intending to use internal models to calculate their capital requirements will need to submit their applications at least half a year in advance of the application date in order to ensure that that model can be used from the outset.

La Commission compte-t-elle faire des suggestions, voire exercer des pressions afin de normaliser la situation? Does the Commission intend to raise the case of Copsa Mica, described in recent studies as the town with the highest levels of heavy metal ground pollution in Europe, with the Romanian authorities? Does the Commission intend to suggest any form of action or even exert pressure to correct this state of affairs?

Has the Commission provided them with any support or does it intend to do so in the future? The Commission can only operate within the limits that EU legislation attributes to it. Currently, there is no specific legislation tackling so-called. Projects for the rehabilitation of industrial sites and contaminated land could be selected by the Romanian authorities in charge under programmes.

The call for proposals is expected to be launched in February Er is nog geen beslissing genomen. Volgens de Commissie zijn samenwerking en politieke dialoog de meest geschikte kanalen om de sociale, economische en democratische ontwikkeling van Egypte te steunen.

De Raad Buitenlandse Zaken heeft de mogelijkheid om de associatieovereenkomst en de samenwerking met Egypte op te schorten. Niettemin is verdere vooruitgang vereist wat betreft de vrijheid van vereniging, vrouwenrechten en vrijheid van godsdienst of overtuiging.